DIE WELT DER SLAVEN

Надпись в куполе церкви Спаса на Ильине улице
Стратегия цитирования Библии, прагматика, язык

Марина А. Бобрик

Die Welt der Slaven 64 (2019) 2, 280–298

The present article is the first to examine the inscription in the dome of one of the most famous churches of medieval Novgorod from a philological point of view, namely the one in the Church of the Transfiguration on Ilyina Street (14th c.). So far all that was known about the inscription was that it quoted Psalm 102:20b–22a. However, as I try to show, this inscription is a new translation of these Psalm verses. The version of the text differs from all the recensions of the Psalter known at the time. There is also no parallel to this text version of the psalm in the ecclesiastical epigraphy of the Slavic-Byzantine cultural realm. A clue to the secrets of the inscription’s origin is provided by its language. A detailed linguistic analysis reveals certain imitations of Greek linguistic structures and reflections of Novgorodian pronunciation (e.g. softened [š]); writing from memory or by ear seems to have played an important role in the work of the writer. Certain linguistic changes in the inscription turn the narrative text of the psalm into a prayer.         The article closes with conjectures about possible creators of the inscription and an analysis of the pragmatics of the text and of its function in the semiotic ensemble of the church interior and the religious procedures performed in it.

Bobrik, Marina A., National Research University “Higher School of Economics”, Moscow; marina.bobrik@online.de

References

Alpatov, M. 1990. Feofan Grek. 3-e edn., ispravlennoe i dopolnennoe. Moskva.

Altbauer, M. (ed.). 1979. Der Älteste Serbische Psalter. Köln, Wien: Böhlau. (Slavistische Forschungen, 23.)

Altbauer, M. & H. Lunt (ed.). 1978. Saint Catherine’s Monastery, Mount Sinai: An Early Slavonic Psalter from Rus’. Vol. 1: Photoreproduction. Cambridge, Massachusetts.

Bobrik, M.A. 2007. Polu-Ё: Iz nabljudenij nad zabytym pamjatnikom russkogo jazyka pervoj treti XIX veka. In: Russkij jazyk v naučnom osveščenii. № 1. 153–188.

Carevskaja, T.Ju. 2005. Programma rospisi kupola cerkvi Feodora Stratilata na Ručʹju. In: Novgorod i Novgorodskaja zemlja. Iskusstvo i restavracija. Vypusk 1. Velikij Novgorod, 199–226.

Carevskaja, T.Ju. 2007. Rospisʹ cerkvi Feodora Stratilata na Ručʹju v Novgorode i ee mesto v iskusstve Vizantii i Rusi vtoroj poloviny XIV veka. Moskva.

Carevskaja, T.Ju. 2010. Cerkovʹ Spasa Preobraženija na Ilʹine ulice. Velikij Novgorod.

(ČNZ). 2001. Čudovskaja rukopisʹ Novogo Zaveta 1354 goda. Faksimilʹnoe izdanie; Čudovskaja rukopisʹ Novogo Zaveta 1354 goda. Trud Svt Aleksija mitropolita Kievskogo, Moskovskogo i vseja Rusi čudotvorca. Moskva.

Deluga, W. 2008. Byzantine frescoes in Latin churches of the Jagellonian age in Poland and Lithuania: History of the discovery. Arte Cristiana: Rivista internazionale di storia dell’arte e di arti liturgiche 96 (844), 24–34.

Demus, O. 1976. Probleme byzantinischer Kuppel-Darstellungen. Cahiers Archéologiques 25, 101–108.

(Gennadievskaja biblija). Biblija 1499 goda i Biblija v Sinodalʹnom perevode s illjustracijami v desjati tomax. T. 4: Biblija. Knigi Svjaščennogo Pisanija Vetxogo i Novogo zaveta. Psaltyrʹ. 1997. Moskva.

Kasapova, E. 2009. Arxitekturata na crkvata Uspenie na Bogorodica – Treskavec. Skopje.

Lazarev, V.N. 1961. Feofan Grek i ego škola. Moskva.

Lifšic, L.I. 1987. Monumentalʹnaja živopisʹ Novgoroda XIV–XV vekov. Moskva.

MacRobert, C.M. 1998. The textual tradition of the Church Slavonic Psalter up to the fifteenth century. In: J. Krašovec (ed.). Interpretation of the Bible. Ljubljana, 921–942.

MacRobert, C.M. 2005. On the problems of identifying a ‘Preslav Redaction’ of the Psalter. Acta Palaeoslavica 2, 39–47.

MacRobert, C.M. 2008. On the role of memory and oral tradition in the early transmission of the Church Slavonic Psalter text. In: A. Miltenova, E. Tomova & R. Stankova (ed.). Xristijanska agiologija i narodni vjarvanija: Sbornik v čest na st. n.s. Elena Koceva. Sofija: Iztok Zapad, 340–355.

MacRobert, C.M. 2013. The Novgorod Antiphonal Psalters: Their orthographical peculiarities and textological significance. Slověne 2, 31–49.

Malkov, Ju.G. 1984. O datirovke rospisi cerkvi rxangela Mixaila «na Skovorodke» v Novgorode. In: Drevnerusskoe iskusstvo XIV–XV vv. Otv. red. O.I. Podobedova. Moskva, 196–225.

Miklas, H. et al. 2012. Psalterium Demetrii Sinaitici (monasterii sanctae Catharinae codex slav. 3/N) adiectis foliis medicinalibus. Ad editionem phototypicam praeparaverunt Melania Gau, Dana Hürner, Fabianus Hollaus, Florianus Kleber, Martinus Lettner, Henricus Miklas sub redactione Henrici Miklas cum praefationibus sacri monasterii atque Ioannis Tarnanidae. Wien: Holzhausen. (Glagolitica Sinaitica, 1.)

Papamastorakīs, T. 2001. O diakosmos tou troulou tōn naōn tīs palaiológeias periódou stī Valkanikī Cheronīso kai tīn Kypro. Athīna.

Sedov, Vl.V. 2015. Cerkovʹ Spasa na Ilʹine ulice v Novgorode: Arxitektura bojarskogo xrama. Moskva; Vologda.

Sreznevskij, I.I. 1989. Slovarʹ drevnerusskogo jazyka. Reprintnoe izdanie. T. 1–3. Moskva.

(SSS 4). Slovarʹ staroslavjanskogo jazyka. Reprintnoe izdanie. T. 4. 2006. Sankt-Peterburg.

Thomson, F. 1998. The Slavonic translation of the Old Testament. In: J. Krašovec (ed.). Interpretation of the Bible. Ljubljana, 605–920.

Uspenskij, B.A. 2002. Istorija russkogo literaturnogo jazyka (XI–XVII vv.). Izd. 3-e, ispravlennoe i dopolnennoe. Moskva.

Vzdornov, G.I. 1976. Freski Feofana Greka v cerkvi Spasa Preobraženija v Novgorode. Moskva.

Xristova-Šomova, I. 2004. Služebnijat apostol v slavjanskata rʺkopisna tradicija. Sofija.

Zaliznjak, A.A. 2004. Drevnenovgorodskij dialekt. Vtoroe izdanie, pererabotannoe s učetom materiala naxodok 1995–2003 gg. Moskva.

Zaliznjak, A.A. 2014. Drevnerusskoe udarenie: Obščie svedenija i slovarʹ. Moskva.

Zamjatina, N.A. 2002. Tekstologičeskij analiz russkix ikonnyx nadpisej. Moskva. http://www.dissercat.com/content/tekstologicheskii-analiz-russkikh-ikonnykh-nadpisei.

Želtov, M.S. 2001. Arxierejskoe bogosluženie. In: Pravoslavnaja ėnciklopedija. T. 3. Moskva, 566–575.


Buy or subscribe at Harrassowitz Publishers:
→ Die Welt der Slaven: Internationale Halbjahresschrift für Slavistik



© 2020 – webmaster@weltderslaven.de