Parenthetical verbs as elements of diatribe in John the Exarch’s Hexaemeron

Greek continuities and Slavic innovations

Autor/innen

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.13173/WS.66.2.238

Schlagworte:

diatribe, John the Exarch, verba dicendi, Greek, Old Church Slavonic, historical pragmatics

Abstract

The ‘diatribe’ is a rhetorical mode of exposition that is characterized by the enactment of dialogical exchanges with a fictitious opponent. This article investigates the reception of this Greek diatribal style in John the Exarch’s Hexaemeron. The presence of some of the major diatribal formulae indeed allows us to analyse his Hexaemeron along the lines of the diatribe. The main focus is on the use of parenthetical phēsí(n) ‘says (he)’ as a core diatribal strategy used to identify the fictitious opponent’s voice. This Greek verb form functions as a quotative particle and is most often translated as reče. However, the Exarch frequently uses alternative parenthetical verb forms, such as rečeši or glagoljǫtъ. These innovative forms are more telling about his understanding of the structure of diatribal dialogue than a ‘mechanical’ use of reče. The article provides a building block for a comprehensive investigation into the reception of the diatribe in translated literature in medieval Slavia orthodoxa.

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Veröffentlicht

22.09.2021

Zitationsvorschlag

Dekker, Simeon. 2021. Parenthetical verbs as elements of diatribe in John the Exarch’s Hexaemeron: Greek continuities and Slavic innovations. Die Welt der Slaven 66(2). 238–267. (DOI: 10.13173/WS.66.2.238.)

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